The question of whether AI will replace humans may just be a false proposition because it depends on how we define the term "human." Humans are conscious, spiritual, self-aware beings with self-knowledge. These features are key differentiators that set humans apart from other living beings. However, with the rise and development of artificial intelligence, the definition of what it means to be human is facing new challenges and considerations.
From a biological perspective, humans are intelligent beings with highly developed brains and unique physical structures. Some anthropologists believe that humans are considered human from the moment of fertilization, while others believe that a fetus must meet certain biological standards before it can be considered human.
From a cultural perspective, humans are social animals. Human cognition and behavior are shaped and developed within specific cultural and social contexts. Culture and social contexts shape human values, beliefs, habits, and behavioral patterns, all of which are distinguishing features that set humans apart from other living beings. For example, the Ashanti people in West Africa believe that spirits play pranks and become human babies, but after a few days, the spirit loses interest in the game and leaves the baby's body. Therefore, their culture believes that a baby is only considered human and can be given a name if he or she lives beyond eight days and has a social identity within the community.
From a perceptual perspective, humans are sensory beings. Humans have rich senses, including vision, hearing, touch, taste, and smell, which allow humans to perceive and understand the world. Human perceptual and cognitive abilities are important distinguishing features that set humans apart from other living beings.
From a self-awareness perspective, humans are beings with self-awareness. Humans are aware of their own existence and identity and can reflect on and explore themselves. This self-awareness and reflective ability are the greatest differences between humans and other living beings.
From a spiritual perspective, humans are beings with spirituality. Humans have a pursuit and exploration of mysterious and spiritual things that go beyond the limitations of the material world. Spirituality is the most obvious difference between humans and other living beings.Clearly, the definition of humans is not limited to biology, but also includes cultural, social, emotional, moral, and spiritual aspects. These characteristics reflect the essence of humans as social animals and their exploration and contemplation of life and the universe.
As a new emerging technology, artificial intelligence can perform many tasks that human intelligence can perform, such as speech recognition, image recognition, natural language processing, and autonomous decision-making. In some aspects, the performance of artificial intelligence has exceeded human capabilities. However, the definition and characteristics of artificial intelligence differ from those of humans. It lacks human emotions, creativity, intuition, and spirituality. Therefore, artificial intelligence cannot completely replace humans.
Although the technology of artificial intelligence is constantly advancing and evolving, its purpose and application still require human guidance and control. Artificial intelligence does not have autonomous consciousness and moral judgment ability, and requires human supervision and management to ensure that it follows ethical and legal principles.
在聖經的創造論中，上帝創造了人類 ( 創世記第一章），賜予人類獨特的能力和價值。人類是按著上帝的形像和樣式而造，有著神聖的內在價值和使命。聖經中關於人類的敘述，強調了人類與其他生物的區別，以及人類的獨特地位和使命。因此，人工智能的興起和發展不會徹底改變人類的本質和價值。
In the creation theory of the Bible ( Genesis Ch.1), God created humans and gave them unique abilities and values. Humans are created in the image and likeness of God, with a sacred inner value and mission. The description of humans in the Bible emphasizes the differences between humans and other living beings, as well as the unique status and mission of humans. Therefore, the rise and development of artificial intelligence will not completely change the essence and value of humans.
In summary, the rise and development of artificial intelligence pose new challenges and considerations for defining humans. However, it is important to remember that the definition of humans is not limited to biology, but also includes cultural, social, emotional, moral, and spiritual characteristics. Nevertheless, the development of artificial intelligence will not completely change the essence and value of humans. As followers of Jesus Christ, we should respect and protect the value and dignity of humans, and adapt to the changing technological environment to better fulfill the Great Commission that God has given us.
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